If you think of sweet peas, lettuce, beet greens, and spinach as strictly spring crops, you’re not alone. Most of us rush to plant our spring vegetable gardens and then never plant another seed until the following year. As each vegetable matures and gets harvested, we pull it up and consider it “done” for the year.
That’s why I was so surprised when Kathy LaLiberte told me she would be planting peas this weekend. I double checked the calendar to make sure it was really late July and asked, “Isn’t it a little late and a bit too hot to be planting peas?”
She said, “A friend told me she plants peas after she harvests her garlic at the end of July. Peas are my very favorite crop, so I tried it last year and had a great fall harvest.” For this second crop, she plants a low-growing variety of edible pod peas that don’t require a trellis, such as Sugar Ann.
I’ve been planting late broccoli for years because I discovered that there are far fewer pest problems in the fall. The broccoli that I pick in October rarely has cabbage worms and the cooler weather seems to improve the flavor, too. My early season broccoli transplants go into the garden a few weeks before the last frost date. Then I plant more broccoli from seed directly in the garden, about the time I set out frost-tender tomatoes and pepper.
Other vegetables that you can—and should!—replant during the summer include cucumbers, beets, radishes, lettuce and other greens, as well as celery and beans. Planting some new seeds every two to four weeks means you’ll always have plants at the peak of their production and flavor. Multiple plantings is also insurance against a total crop failure, which can happen when you’ve “put all your eggs in one basket,” so to speak. (For more on this topic, read Double Your Harvest with a Second Planting)
Eliot Coleman author of The New Organic Grower’s Four-Season Harvest and other books has been a pioneer in succession planting. He and his wife, Barbara Damrosch, have more information on extending the garden harvest season in their books and articles and on their Four Season Farm web site. Eliot’s newest book, The Winter Harvest Handbook, has detailed instructions, based on more than 30 years of market gardening, about staggering crops for maximum production.